intellectual property:

The intellectual property pointed to creative jobs as Literary inventions, works, symbols, names, photos, and industrial Fees


Copyright is legal term which describes the rights granted to creators in literary sections, and it is one of basic rights to human creative Because it encourages creators to publish their works without cloning or piracy, the creative work is considered protected by copyright immediately upon its preparation


Rights granted to the author:

The original creator of the work and his heirs have the right to use the work or authorize others to use it on agreed terms, and the author can prevent or authorize the following

Reproduction of the work in various forms, such as printed publication, audio recording, or photography

Make recordings of the work on CDs, audio tapes, or video tapes

Broadcasting the work by radio

Translating the work into other languages or transforming it from a fiction story into a movie


Copyright protection


The protection stipulated in this legislation applies to all innovative literary, artistic and scientific works, regardless of the value of these works, the purpose of their authorship or the method of expression and the form of that expression once the work is created without the need for any formality.


Sanctions around the scope of protection


Article 42:

The competent judge may, upon the request of each stakeholder, in the event of a violation of any of the rights stipulated in this legislation, order the following:

Stop the assault on the right 

Appropriate civil compensation

Confiscation of the infringing copies, tools and equipment used in the attack, provided that the right holder has the right to deduct from their value any compensation that may be awarded to him.


Article 43

Without prejudice to any more severe penalty stipulated in the Penal Code or in any other law, a penalty of imprisonment not less than (…..) and not more than (…..) and a fine of no less than (….) and not more than (….). .) Or by one of these two penalties, whoever infringes any of the moral or financial rights of the author or the owners of neighboring rights in accordance with the provisions of this legislation. In particular, it is considered an infringement if the infringe does one or more of the following:

Selling or offering for circulation in any form of a work that is protected in accordance with the provisions of this legislation 

Internal imitation of a work published abroad, or offering it for circulation, exporting or shipping it abroad, with knowledge of its imitation 

Making available to the public or performing a radio broadcast or audio recording or placing it within its reach through a computer-powered communications network as long as this is done for a commercial purpose

Unlawful removal or copying of any technical protection that regulates or restricts public access to the work, performance, broadcast, recording, distribution or import for the purpose of distribution, broadcasting or making available to the public, for any of the above, provided that the perpetrator knows or he may know of the actual assault


The penalties shall multiply according to the number of works, performances, broadcasts, or recordings that are the subject of the crime


In case of return, the penalty will be more severe, such as:


Imprisonment and a fine, provided that the minimum and maximum penalties are doubled once for the penalties stipulated in the first paragraph of this article.


In all of the aforementioned cases, the court is obligated to rule the following:


Confiscation of the infringing copies or obtained from the violation 

Confiscation of equipment and tools used in committing any of the above physical acts 

Publishing a summary of the conviction sentence in one or more daily newspapers at the expense of the convict 

The court may order the confiscation of the violating copies or obtained from the violation, even in the case of acquittal

The court may also, upon passing a conviction, order the closure of the facility that the aggressors or their accomplices exploited in committing one of the previous acts for a period not exceeding six months.